Synthesis and application of nanocrystals
CALDES challenges the major physics problems of low dimensional electronic materials that have been the central issues of modern condensed matter physics since 1970’s.
In this long pursued discipline with the glory of quantum Hall effects, high temperature superconductors, and graphene, CALDES would pioneer new types of materials with state-of- the-art measurement technologies.
The new materials systems are low dimensional systems controlled and grown in atomic scale precision, such as atomic layers, atomic wires, atomic rods, and their arrays and heterointerfaces. The state-of-the-art measurement technologies include scanning tunneling microscopy below 10 mK and under strong magnetic field, magnetic force and spin-polarized scanning probe microscopy below 500 mK, and untra bright spin- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy.
These frontier instruments can address the electronic and spintronic properties of atomic-scale low dimensional systems in truly single atom and single spin precision. With the atomically controlled low dimensional materials under atomically-resolved probes, CALDES investigates and manipulates exotic electronic and spin channels and topological excitations such as solitons, quantum spin Hall edge states, non Fermi liquids, skyrmions, quantum magnets and so on. CALDES aims to establish full understanding of these low dimensional electronic phenomena and to discover new physics and new functionality emerging from atomically designed low dimensional electronic materials.